Viewpoint: A Foreclosure Option: Tenant to Homeowner

American Banker | Friday, May 1, 2009

By Marcia Griffin and Faith Bautista

Major community home counseling nonprofits are experiencing what virtually every financial institution isnow recognizing: Despite the massive reorganization of the Obama administration’s homeownershippriorities, the number of foreclosures will continue to accelerate, and no end is in sight as declining homevalues and increasing unemployment continue unabated.

We urge a Main Street approach that preserves free-market principles and ensures that we remainlargely a homeownership society.

We, as the presidents of two home counseling nonprofits serving virtually every area devastated by theblight and economic cost of foreclosures (from Arizona to California to Florida to Nevada and Ohio), urgea national “Tenant to Homeowner” program. This could be funded by a combination of Troubled AssetRelief Program and economic stimulus money. We recently raised this idea with Treasury SecretaryTimothy Geithner, Federal Reserve Board Chairman Ben Bernanke, and Federal Deposit Insurance Corp.Chairman Sheila Bair.

This is how our program might work: Wherever a homeowner is facing a foreclosure on a primaryresidence, the financial institution offers the homeowner a speedy, uncontested foreclosure while lettingthe owner remain in the home as a tenant and eventually repurchase it.

This option could save financial institutions 50% or more over a traditional foreclosure, if long-termindirect benefits are factored in. Consider, for example, the impact on home prices of neighborhoodstability and minimizing costs attributable to angry homeowners or subsequent vandalism.

Our proposal, which we hope to quickly refine with Obama administration leaders and major financialinstitutions, would contain the following elements:

  • A one- to five-year lease.
  • A rent of 25% to 31% of the tenant’s net income.
  • The right of the tenant to purchase the home at any time during a five-year period for 90% of its value at the time of foreclosure or the value at the time of the subsequent purchase offer,whichever is lower.
  • Allowing up to two months of rent a year, if paid on time, to be applied as a down payment.
  • An $8,000 tax credit for a tenant who repurchases the home.

It may be necessary to provide substantial incentives to financial institutions. We recommend up to$10,000 could go to any institution that completes a tenant-to-homeowner conversion, including payments of $1,000 a year while the tenant is still on the lease. If funding is an issue, this program could be limited to people with income of up to 150% of the median and/or those residing in areas with aforeclosure rate at or above the national average.

As many as 2 million homeowners facing foreclosure and residing in homes that are substantially underwater might make use of such a bold initiative. After all, every national poll demonstrates that the vast majority of Americans, particularly those who live from paycheck to paycheck, prefer homeownershipover being a tenant.

As to those who are unemployed or in part-time employment (almost 16% nationally and almost 20% in hard-hit areas in America), going from tenant to homeowner is not the entire solution. However, if we betthat our recession will be over in 18 months, we can ensure opportunities for leading these groups to homeownership.

The federal government could create a “homeownership/unemployment grant” where there is asubstantial likelihood that within 18 months the unemployed worker would be fully employed. This isconsistent with President Obama’s commitment to create or preserve 3.5 million jobs.

To those who believe the federal government should not fund trickle-up Main Street proposals, we saythat virtually every Bush/Obama trickle-down effort has either failed or missed its mark by anembarrassing margin.

Marcia Griffin is the president of HomeFree-USA. Faith Bautista is the president and chief executive ofthe Mabuhay Alliance.

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